Characters that live in or come from the state of Georgia. Georgia is a state located in the South, the southeastern region of the United States. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. It declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, and was one of the original seven Confederate states. It was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 24th largest and the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. Atlanta is the state's capital and its most populous city.